Plagiarism Guidelines

Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the uncredited use of someone else's words, ideas, or work. This extends to self-plagiarism, where authors reuse their own previously published material without proper citation.


The "Journal of Regional Studies Review" (JRSR) is dedicated to upholding the principles of academic integrity and original scholarship. Plagiarism, in any form, is a serious violation of these principles and undermines the credibility of scholarly research. The following plagiarism policy outlines the expectations and consequences related to plagiarism in submissions to JRSR:

  1. Author Responsibility:
    • Authors are responsible for ensuring the originality of their submissions.
    • Proper citation and acknowledgment of all sources, including the author's own work, are essential.
  2. Plagiarism Detection:
    • JRSR employs plagiarism detection tools to assess the similarity index of submitted manuscripts.
    • Authors are encouraged to use similar tools before submission to identify and rectify potential issues.
  3. Acceptable Similarity Index:
    • Manuscripts should aim for a similarity index below the threshold specified in the JRSR guidelines i.e. 19%.
    • High similarity indices may prompt further investigation and potential rejection of the manuscript.
  4. Consequences of Plagiarism:
    • Manuscripts found to have a high similarity index or instances of plagiarism may be rejected.
    • The editorial team reserves the right to take appropriate action, which may include notifying the author's institution and other relevant parties.
  5. Appeals and Corrections:
    • Authors have the opportunity to appeal decisions related to plagiarism.
    • If plagiarism is identified after publication, the journal may issue corrections, retractions, or other appropriate measures.
  6. Educational Outreach:
    • JRSR is committed to educating authors and the academic community about plagiarism and proper citation practices.
    • Authors are encouraged to familiarize themselves with academic integrity standards and seek guidance if needed.

The JRSR plagiarism policy is designed to maintain the highest standards of academic rigor and ensure that published research contributes meaningfully to the field of regional studies. The JRSR strictly adheres to the Pakistani Higher Education Commission's (HEC) plagiarism regulation. According to HEC guidelines, the similarity index should be less than 20%, with single sources being less than 5%. Authors are urged to adhere to these guidelines to uphold the integrity of the scholarly publishing process.

HEC relevant Web link: